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Sammed Shikharji Temple- 13angle

Sammed Shikharji Temple: An Eternal Pilgrimage Of Jain Spirituality

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Sammed Shikharji Temple- 13angle


Nestled amid the pristine beauty of Giridih district in Jharkhand, Shikharji, also known as Śikharjī, is a name that resonates with spiritual significance, an epitome of tranquility, and a timeless emblem of Jainism’s profound teachings. This sacred pilgrimage site is perched majestically on the crown of Parasnath Hill, standing tall as the highest mountain in the entire state of Jharkhand. Shikharji, or Sammed Shikharji, beckons devotees and seekers from all corners of the globe, offering a sacred sanctuary to introspect, meditate, and embark on a journey towards spiritual enlightenment.

In the heart of Shikharji lies the Shikharji Temple, a hallowed edifice that seems to touch the sky, where the faithful, both Digambaras and Svetambaras, converge to pay homage to their revered tirthankaras. This is no ordinary place, for it is here, amid the tranquil embrace of Parasnath’s rugged terrain, that a remarkable spiritual legacy unfolds. Shikharji Temple is believed to be the very spot where twenty out of the twenty-four Jain tirthankaras, the supreme preachers of Dharma, achieved the ultimate state of liberation, “Moksha,” after dedicated and profound meditation.

The sacred aura of Shikharji has been chronicled in the annals of Jain literature, notably in the Jain scripture, Jnatrdharmakatha, one of the twelve fundamental texts of Jainism, known as the “12 Angas.” Furthermore, this pilgrimage destination has left its indelible mark on history, as it finds mention in the Pārśvanāthacarita, a twelfth-century biography of Parshvanatha, the 23rd Tirthankara.

intro of Sammed Shikharji Temple- 13angle

Shikharji stands not only as a place of worship but as an embodiment of the human spirit’s unwavering quest for enlightenment. It beckons all, regardless of their faith, to ascend its hallowed heights, immerse themselves in the serenity of its surroundings, and partake in a journey of self-discovery. Shikharji is a testament to the power of faith and the transcendence of human souls, inspiring each visitor to reach for their own metaphorical peak in the climb towards inner awakening.

As the present and future converge, Shikharji continues to be a source of deep reverence, and its aura remains untouched by time. In a world where the pace of life quickens, Shikharji stands as a reminder of the need to pause, reflect, and seek the path to enlightenment. The sacred allure of this majestic pilgrimage site invites us all to explore the heights of our inner selves, just as the tirthankaras did in their quest for salvation.

Unveiling The Heart Of Sammed Shikharji: Etymology And Timeless History

Unveiling the Heart of Sammed Shikharji Etymology and Timeless History- 13angle


In the heart of Jharkhand, amidst the rugged terrain of Parasnath Hill, lies Shikharji, a place that beckons the soul and weaves a tapestry of history, devotion, and an unending spiritual quest. Shikharji, known as the “venerable peak,” holds within its ancient stones the echoes of enlightenment and the whispers of transcendence. It’s also known as “Sammed Śikhar,” signifying the “peak of concentration” – a place where meditation led to the attainment of Moksha by twenty out of twenty-four Tirthankaras. Among them, Lord Parshvanatha, the twenty-third Jain Tirthankara, achieved Moksha here in 772 BCE, leaving an indelible mark on the sanctified landscape.

Ancient Origins:

The history of Sammed Shikharji Temple is a journey through time, one that extends back thousands of years. Jainism, a faith rooted in the pursuit of truth and enlightenment, found its sacred sanctuary in the rocky embrace of Shikharji. Ancient scriptures and historical records reveal that pilgrims have made their way to this revered site since time immemorial. The pilgrimage to Shikharji transcends generations, uniting seekers in a spiritual odyssey that has been unwavering for millennia.

As one steps onto this sacred ground, they become part of a lineage that stretches across centuries, drawing from the ancient wisdom of the Tirthankaras and the enduring devotion of countless pilgrims.

Tirthankara Connections:

Sammed Shikharji is not just a place; it’s a sacred juncture where the human and the divine converge. It’s the very spot where twenty of the twenty-four Tirthankaras, the enlightened preachers of Jainism, attained Nirvana – a state of spiritual liberation. The resonance of their profound meditation still lingers in the mountain breeze, and the history of Shikharji is the story of their journey towards spiritual transcendence.

Lord Parshvanatha’s name graces Parasnath Hill, marking his momentous attainment of Moksha here. The sacred echoes of these Tirthankaras serve as a beacon of light, guiding all who seek enlightenment in the modern world.


The temple complex at Shikharji stands as a testament to the enduring legacy of devotion. Over the centuries, various rulers and devoted Jain communities have lent their hands to the preservation, construction, and renovation of this spiritual haven. Each contribution has not only preserved the sanctity of the site but has also enhanced its architectural beauty.

The intricate carvings, the elegant domes, and the tranquil courtyards bear witness to the dedication of those who have preserved this sacred monument. The temple complex is not just a place of worship but a living testament to the commitment to the divine and the deep-rooted connection to the faith of Jainism.

Archaeological Evidences:

The roots of Shikharji date back to at least 1500 BCE, as indicated by archaeological evidence. The earliest literary reference to Shikharji as a tirth (place of pilgrimage) is found in the Jñātṛdhārmakātha, one of the twelve core texts of Jainism, compiled in the 6th century BCE. Shikharji is also mentioned in the Pārśvanāthacarita, a twelfth-century biography of Pārśva.

In more recent history, Shikharji Hill has been a place of worship for the Jain community. Vastupala, the prime minister during the reign of King Vīradhavala and Vīsaladeva of Vaghela dynasty, constructed a Jain temple housing 20 idols of Tirthankaras. Emperor Akbar, during the Mughal rule in India, passed an official order in 1583 granting the management of Shikharji Hill to the Jain community to prevent the slaughter of animals in the vicinity.

The legacy of Sammed Shikharji endures through the ages, an intricate tapestry woven with threads of devotion, spirituality, and the eternal pursuit of enlightenment. As you stand upon this hallowed ground, you are not merely a traveler; you become part of a rich history that stretches back to the dawn of time.

Temples of Spiritual Legacy

In the heart of Shikharji, a realm equally revered by the Digambara and Śvētāmbara sects of Jainism, lies a treasure trove of devotion and architectural grandeur. These sacred sanctuaries are a testament to the timeless faith that graces this hallowed ground.

An Odyssey Through Time

The temples at Shikharji have a history as ancient as the faith that they enshrine. In 1768 CE, Jagat Seth lovingly reconstructed these hallowed abodes, preserving the spiritual heritage of countless generations. Yet, the divine idols that inhabit these sacred spaces are far older. A Sanskrit inscription, dated 1678 CE, bears witness to their enduring presence. In the labyrinth of these shrines, you’ll find echoes of a bygone era, with some of these sanctuaries dating back to the 14th century.

Śvētāmbara Splendor:

The 20th century ushered in a new chapter of devotion, with Śvētāmbara sect devotees constructing temples that stand as a testament to their unwavering faith. These temples breathe life into the spiritual landscape of Shikharji.

A Sacred Offering:

Pilgrims embark on this spiritual journey laden with offerings of rice, fragrant sandalwood, dhupa incense, vibrant flowers, fresh fruits, and glowing diyas. Each offering symbolizes the profound connection between the seeker and the divine, enriching the spiritual tapestry of Shikharji.

At the Base of Divinity:

At the very foothills of Shikharji, the temple of Bhomiyaji (Taleti) offers a tranquil place for devotees to commence their sacred journey. The walls of the Jain temple in the village of Madhuban display a mesmerizing mural, an artistic depiction of all the temples that grace Parasnath Hill.

The Bhaktamara Connection:

The Śvētāmbara Bhaktamara temple, consecrated by Acharya Ramchandrasuri, is the first sanctuary to house a Bhaktamara Stotra yantra. This embodies the unwavering devotion of the faithful and the profound significance of the Bhaktamara Stotra.

A Monumental Testament:

At the base of Shikharji, a grand Digambara Jain temple dedicated to Nandishwar Dweep stands tall. Its architectural opulence and resplendent carvings of Tirthankaras on the temple walls tell the story of deep-rooted faith etched in stone.

Sacred Footprints: Tonks

The sacred pilgrimage of Shikharji is not just an exploration of towering temples but a journey that uncovers the footprints of the enlightened. These 31 Tonks, crafted from black and white marble, enshrine the sacred imprints of each Tirthankara. Remarkably, these temples are worshipped by both the Digambara and Śvētāmbara sects, transcending distinctions in devotion.

Parshvanatha Tonk: The Pinnacle of Faith

The hilltop where Parshvanatha attained Moksha is known as ‘suvarṇabhadra kūța,’ the most sacred peak on Shikharji. Here, the Parshvanatha tonk stands as a monument of profound faith. The unique chatra, adorning the Parshvanatha footprint, sets it apart from the indistinguishable footprints of the other 23 Tirthankaras. The temple unfolds across two floors, with the upper level housing a tonk devoid of Parshvanatha’s footprints, while the lower level reverently enshrines a saffron-hued replica of Parasnath’s divine visage. Devotees offer humble tributes of uncooked rice and sweets, perpetuating a tradition that spans generations.

The Tonks: A Divine Pilgrimage

The Tonks, like sentinels of a timeless spiritual path, tell a profound story of unwavering faith. These 31 tonks, each guarding the sacred footprints of the Tirthankaras, are crafted in black and white marble. An extraordinary feature is that, since these temples don’t bear physical images, they are embraced and revered by both the Digambara and Śvētāmbara sects. The journey through these tonks unfolds a spiritual saga:

  1. Gautam Ganadhara Swami: The sage’s divine footsteps guide us along the path.
  2. Kunthunatha: As we proceed, we encounter the legacy of Lord Kunthunatha.
  3. Rishabha: The revered footsteps of the first Tirthankara, Lord Rishabha.
  4. Chandraprabha: The luminous aura of Lord Chandraprabha echoes here.
  5. Naminatha: The hallowed path continues with Lord Naminatha’s presence.
  6. Aranatha: Lord Aranatha’s spiritual resonance is palpable.
  7. Māllīnātha: Lord Māllīnātha’s serene essence lingers.
  8. Shreyanasanatha: We embrace the blessings of Lord Shreyanasanatha.
  9. Pushpadanta: Lord Pushpadanta’s divine footsteps pave the way.
  10. Padmaprabha: The lotus of Lord Padmaprabha guides our spirit.
  11. Munisuvratnath: The sacred imprints of Lord Munisuvratnath inspire reverence.
  12. Chandraprabha: Lord Chandraprabha’s grace is felt once more.
  13. Rishabha: A second homage to Lord Rishabha enriches our journey.
  14. Anantanatha: The endless aura of Lord Anantanatha envelops.
  15. Shitalanatha: Lord Shitalanatha’s serenity infuses our hearts.
  16. Sambhavanatha: We honor the divine presence of Lord Sambhavanatha.
  17. Vasupujya: Lord Vasupujya’s footsteps lead us further.
  18. Abhinandananatha: Lord Abhinandananatha’s blessings abound.
  19. Ganadhara: The footsteps of Ganadhara symbolize spiritual guidance.
  20. Jal Mandir: The temple by the waters resonates with sanctity.
  21. Dharmanatha: The essence of Lord Dharmanatha guides our soul.
  22. Mahavira: Lord Mahavira, a significant presence, graces our path.
  23. Varishen: The legacy of Lord Varishen continues to inspire.
  24. Sumatinatha: The divine footsteps of Lord Sumatinatha inspire devotion.
  25. Shantinatha: Lord Shantinatha’s serenity soothes the pilgrim’s spirit.
  26. Mahavira: Another tribute to the profound impact of Lord Mahavira.
  27. Suparshvanatha: Lord Suparshvanatha’s spiritual resonance endures.
  28. Vimalanatha: The sacred imprints of Lord Vimalanatha inspire purity.
  29. Ajitanatha: Lord Ajitanatha’s divine essence leads the way.
  30. Neminatha: The revered presence of Lord Neminatha graces our journey.
  31. Parshvanatha: The journey concludes at the monumental sanctum of Lord Parshvanatha.

These sacred imprints and temples transcend mere relics, for they are a testament to the undying devotion thriving in the spiritual haven of Shikharji. The pilgrimage echoes with the profound spirituality that has transcended time itself.

Sammed Shikhar Fair: Where Devotion Meets Celebration

The sacred realms of Sammed Shikharji come to life during the annual Sammed Shikhar festival, a vibrant fair that beckons devotees from far and wide. This fair is a testament to the profound devotion and spiritual fervor that envelops the pilgrimage site. Here, we explore the unique aspects of this grand celebration:

  • A Spiritual Gathering: The Sammed Shikhar festival is not just an ordinary fair; it’s a spiritual congregation. Pilgrims and visitors gather to honor the Tirthankaras and bask in the sanctity of the Shikharji hills. The very air resonates with the collective devotion of those who embark on this extraordinary journey.

  • Massive Turnout: The festival sees a massive influx of pilgrims and tourists alike, transforming the serene hill into a vibrant hub of spiritual energy. The rolling hills and lush landscapes bear witness to the multitudes who assemble to partake in the festivities.

  • Reverence and Rituals: During the festival, a multitude of rituals and prayers take place. Devotees chant Jain mantras and participate in pujas, creating a spiritual ambiance that’s truly awe-inspiring. These rituals strengthen the connection between the pilgrims and the divine.

  • Cultural Extravaganza: The fair is not just about religious rituals; it’s also a celebration of the rich Jain culture. Visitors can immerse themselves in the cultural delights, from traditional music and dance performances to artisanal crafts and delicious cuisine. The fair showcases the artistic heritage of the Jain community.

  • Pilgrimage and Celebration: For the pilgrims, the Sammed Shikhar festival is both a sacred journey and a joyous celebration. They undertake the challenging trek to the hill’s summit, symbolizing their deep commitment to the Jain faith. At the same time, the festival embodies a joyous celebration of spirituality and community.

  • Community Bonding: The fair provides a platform for Jain communities from various regions to come together, reinforcing bonds of unity and spirituality. It’s a time for shared devotion, storytelling, and reaffirming the significance of Shikharji in their lives.

  • Reflection and Renewal: Beyond the festive atmosphere, the Sammed Shikhar festival offers pilgrims a chance for introspection and renewal of their spiritual vows. It’s a reminder that the journey to Sammed Shikharji is not just a physical one; it’s a profound inner voyage.

The annual fair at Sammed Shikharji is a kaleidoscope of faith, culture, and celebration. It’s a time when the heart of this sacred site beats stronger than ever, resonating with the unwavering devotion of those who make this extraordinary pilgrimage to seek blessings, renewal, and spiritual fulfillment.

The People's Voice: Protecting The Sacred Sanctum Of Shikharji

Protecting the Sacred Sanctum of Shikharji- 13angle

In the heart of Jharkhand, Shikharji stands as a testament to centuries of spirituality and devotion. Over time, this sacred site has become a focal point for a movement that transcends religious boundaries and resonates with all who hold Shikharji close to their hearts.

Save Shikharji: A Spiritual Crusade

The Save Shikharji movement, initiated by various Jain sects, is a testament to the unwavering dedication to preserving the sanctity of Shikharji. It was born out of a deep concern for the state’s alleged development plans that aimed to improve infrastructure on the hill, potentially boosting tourism. However, for many, these plans seemed to be driven by commercial interests, which could compromise the spiritual essence of the sacred hill.

A Cry for Preservation

The movement’s core demand was simple but profound: Shikharji Hill should be officially recognized as a place of worship by the Government of Jharkhand. It was a plea to safeguard the essence of Shikharji as a spiritual destination, immune to the perils of commercialization.

A Triumph of Devotion

The culmination of this relentless movement came on the 26th of October, 2018, when the Government of Jharkhand issued an official memorandum declaring Shikharji hill as a ‘place of worship.’ It was a moment of victory for the Save Shikharji movement, reaffirming the timeless connection between Shikharji and the hearts of its devotees.

Challenges Faced: A Quest for Preservation

Despite this victory, the movement faced ongoing challenges. In December 2022, massive protests and a nationwide strike erupted in response to the state’s decision to tag Shikharji as a place of tourism. The move sparked anger among the Jain community. Tragically, a 72-year-old Jain monk, Sugyeysagar Maharaj, who was on a fast against the government’s decision, lost his life in Jaipur. The country stood witness to the immense pain and sacrifice of those who held Shikharji dear.

A Beacon of Hope

In January 2023, the Central government stepped in to halt all tourism development activities on Parasnath Hills, providing a ray of hope for those seeking to preserve the sanctity of Shikharji.

The movement to Save Shikharji is a testament to the profound spiritual connection people have with this sacred site. It serves as a reminder that there are causes worth fighting for, even when they are as ancient as the hills themselves. Shikharji remains a testament to unwavering faith and the power of collective voices raised in unison to protect what is cherished.

Planning Your Visit To Sammed Shikharji Temple: Timings And Best Time To Go

Planning Your Visit to Sammed Shikharji Temple- 13angle

Visiting a place as spiritually significant as Sammed Shikharji Temple requires thoughtful planning. Here’s what you need to know about the timings and the best time to experience this sacred destination.

Temple Timings

The doors of Sammed Shikharji Temple open with the first rays of the sun and close with the setting sun. The temple welcomes devotees and curious travelers alike from sunrise to sunset. However, it’s essential to verify the specific timings before embarking on your journey, as they might be subject to change.

Participating in Sacred Rituals

Sammed Shikharji Temple is a hub of devotion and sacred rituals. Daily pujas and rituals are performed, creating an ambiance filled with spiritual energy. Visitors are encouraged to join these ceremonies, immerse themselves in the rhythmic chants of Jain mantras, and offer their devotion. These rituals are not just a means of seeking blessings; they are a profound connection with the divine.

Choosing the Perfect Time

The best time to undertake this spiritual journey to Sammed Shikharji Temple is during the winter months, spanning from November to February. The weather during this period is remarkably pleasant, with temperatures ranging from 10°C to 20°C. Rainfall is minimal, and the cool climate makes the pilgrimage comfortable and enjoyable.

As the sun graces the day with its gentle warmth, you can explore the temple and its surroundings without the discomfort of sweltering heat or heavy rainfall. This is the time when the divine ambiance of the temple and the spiritual resonance of the surroundings are at their zenith.

On the other hand, the summer months from March to June can be challenging, as the region experiences hot and dry weather, with temperatures soaring above 30°C. The scorching sun can make the pilgrimage a test of endurance.

During the monsoon season, from July to October, frequent heavy rainfall can pose a considerable challenge to the trek up the hill. The journey may become slippery and risky. However, if you seek a unique monsoon pilgrimage experience, this season can offer a lush, vibrant landscape filled with the aroma of earth and life.

Journeying to Sammed Shikharji Temple: A Path of Devotion

Nestled in the tranquil embrace of rural eastern India, Sammed Shikharji Temple offers not just a spiritual haven but also a rendezvous with nature’s pristine beauty. Located along NH-2, the historic Delhi-Kolkata highway within the Grand Trunk Road section, this sacred site crowns itself as the loftiest mountain in Jharkhand, rising majestically to an elevation of 4,480 feet (1,370 meters). Your sojourn to Sammed Shikharji involves a blend of road travel and the anticipation of an inspiring trek.

Reaching Sammed Shikharji:

  • By Air: The nearest major airport is Ranchi Airport, approximately 150 kilometers away. From here, a taxi or a bus ride can take you to the base of Parasnath Hill. As you take to the skies, you’ll witness the ever-changing landscape, transitioning from the urban to the rural, signifying your journey into a more tranquil world.

  • By Train: For those arriving by train, the nearest railway station is Parasnath Railway Station, nestled at the foothills of the hill. This station is well-connected to major cities like Kolkata and Delhi, making your train ride a cultural tapestry of diverse experiences and the anticipation of a spiritual quest.

  • By Road: The road to Sammed Shikharji Temple is accessible from nearby towns and cities, with regular bus services facilitating your passage. This leg of the journey unveils the picturesque countryside, with the vibrant rural life painting the canvas of your voyage.

  • Trekking: Upon reaching the base of Parasnath Hill, a challenging trek to the summit awaits you. The 2.5-kilometer ascent, although physically demanding, is a spiritual endeavor that propels you toward enlightenment. Starting early in the morning, the trek allows you to embrace the tranquil beauty of nature, all while ascending to the sacred peak.

Accommodation Options:

  • Dharamshalas: At the base of the hill and around the temple complex, pilgrim guesthouses known as dharamshalas offer budget-friendly accommodation. These provide not just a place to rest but an opportunity to connect with fellow seekers and share the essence of this spiritual journey.

  • Hotels: Nearby towns such as Giridih and Madhupur, which are a reasonable distance from the temple, offer more comfortable hotel options. Here, you can unwind and rejuvenate in modern comforts while reflecting on the day’s pilgrimage.

  • Camping: For the adventurous souls seeking a more immersive experience, camping atop the hill is an option, provided you have the required permission and the appropriate gear. This closer connection to nature lets you breathe in the spiritual aura of the sacred peak.

Sammed Shikharji Temple is more than just a destination; it’s a holistic experience, an inner journey fueled by devotion, and a testament to the enduring spirit of pilgrims. As you make your way to this revered site, you become a part of a narrative that spans centuries, where geographical wonders merge with the spiritual realm. And in your chosen mode of accommodation, you’ll find the perfect setting to rest and rejuvenate, preparing yourself for the spiritual ascent that awaits.

Samed Shikharji Yatra: An Epic Spiritual Journey

Embarking on a pilgrimage to the sacred summit of Shri Sammed Shikhar Ji is an odyssey that traverses a total of 27 kilometers. This spiritual voyage comprises three equal parts: a 9-kilometer ascent, a 9-kilometer descent, and a 9-kilometer mountain worship. The profound significance of each phase is a testament to the devotion that unfurls along this spiritual path.

Ascending the Divine Heights

As the clock strikes 2 AM, the journey commences, marked by a 9-kilometer ascent to the divine heights of Sammed Shikhar Ji. The starlit night sky bears witness to the devotion that sets forth. The ascent is a spiritual endeavor that transcends the boundaries of time, where devotees, guided by the resolute call of their faith, move towards the pinnacle of enlightenment.

In the Embrace of the Night

The night is no obstacle to those who undertake this sacred journey. Under the celestial canopy, the faithful ascend, their footsteps echoing with prayers and mantras. The darkness of the night serves only to deepen their connection with the divine, enveloping the path with an aura of spirituality that defies the constraints of time.

The Completeness of the Pilgrimage

This remarkable pilgrimage requires approximately 12 hours to complete. What makes it even more exceptional is that there are no halting points along the way. Devotees often commence their mountain worship journey during the night, allowing them to reach the pinnacle by morning or afternoon. Those who reach the summit early are rewarded with the mesmerizing sight of the rising sun, its rays casting a golden glow upon the sacred terrain.

Under the Canopy of the Gods

Atop the mountain, beneath the vast expanse of the heavens, the warmth of the morning sun is truly a sight to behold. The soothing embrace of sunlight, high above the clouds, is a moment of solace and reverence that leaves pilgrims in awe of the divine creation.

Refreshment for the Soul

Along the way, kind souls offer refreshing lemon water to weary travelers. This humble offering becomes a lifeline during the ascent. Furthermore, the journey offers access to small tea and biscuit shops that provide a respite, reenergizing the body and spirit.

A Reminder of Preparedness

As you prepare for this extraordinary journey, ensure you carry essentials like a small flashlight and comfortable footwear. The path to Sammed Shikhar Ji is a testament to the strength of faith and the perseverance of the human spirit.

Embracing the full circle of ascent, worship, and descent, this pilgrimage to Shri Sammed Shikhar Ji is not just a journey; it’s a profound experience that leads to self-discovery and spiritual enrichment. It is a testament to the power of faith, where devotees tread the path to attain spiritual heights as the world slumbers.

Explore The Sacred Tapestry Of Nearby Sightseeing Places

The journey to the summit of Parasnath Hill unfolds like a sacred tapestry, where every step weaves a spiritual narrative. Along this transformative pilgrimage, you’ll encounter not only the divine but also the breathtaking vistas of nature’s grandeur.

Shri Digamber Jain Siddha Kshetra:

At the heart of Sammed Shikharji lies the Shri Digamber Jain Siddha Kshetra, a temple complex that echoes with devotion and architectural splendor. Here, you’ll find sanctuaries dedicated to Lord Munisuvrata, Lord Neminatha, and Lord Mahavira, each a testament to the faith that courses through this sacred land. The intricate craftsmanship and serene ambiance make it an attraction of profound significance.

Samosharan Temple:

Nestled at the hill’s base, the Samosharan Temple is dedicated to Lord Parshvanatha, the 23rd Tirthankara. Here, in the quietude of this sacred sanctuary, you’ll feel the resonance of ancient prayers and the unending devotion of pilgrims.

57 Feet High Statue of Lord Rishabhanatha:

As you ascend the spiritual heights, a colossal symbol of faith stands tall – the 57 feet high statue of Lord Rishabhanatha, the first Tirthankara. This remarkable work of art not only bears religious significance but also offers panoramic views that stretch to the horizon, a testimony to the divinity that embraces the land.


In the tranquil embrace of the forested haven known as Madhuban, nature’s beauty interlaces with spiritual introspection. It’s a place often chosen by pilgrims for moments of meditation and self-reflection.

Sun Temple, Deoghar:

While not within the Sammed Shikharji complex, the Sun Temple in Deoghar is a nearby attraction known for its architectural grace and historical importance, adding another layer to the rich tapestry of this sacred land.

Parasnath Wildlife Sanctuary:

The sanctuary encircling Sammed Shikharji is not only a pilgrimage for the soul but also a sanctuary for diverse flora and fauna. Nature enthusiasts can witness the harmonious dance of various species of birds, animals, and plants as they trek through this natural wonder.


Just about 8 kilometers from Sammed Shikharji, you’ll find Kundalpur, a place steeped in significance as the birthplace of Lord Mahavira. Here, the Digambar Jain temple and the Bhagwan Mahavira Museum welcome seekers on a journey of enlightenment and reverence.

Pandav Cave:

These ancient caves carry echoes of the Mahabharata, believed to have been used by the Pandava brothers during their exile. They offer a glimpse into the region’s historical significance and a connection to the ancient narratives of India.

Maraska Temple:

This temple, a homage to Lord Parshvanatha, is believed to be the very spot where Lord Mahavira attained Kevala Jnana, the state of omniscience. For Jain devotees, it’s a place where faith merges with history and devotion transcends time.

Chandra Prabhu Swami Temple:

Located near Madhuban, the Chandra Prabhu Swami Temple is another jewel in the tapestry of Jain pilgrimage sites. Here, the devotion to Lord Chandra Prabhu finds its sacred dwelling.

The nearby sightseeing places surrounding Sammed Shikharji are not just destinations; they are chapters in a sacred odyssey, where history, faith, and nature intertwine to create a spiritual experience unlike any other.


Nestled in the rustic heart of rural East India, Sammed Shikharji Temple emerges as a haven of profound spiritual significance. This sacred sanctuary, perched atop Parasnath Hill, cradles a history that resonates through the ages. The very name “Sammed Shikhar” signifies the “peak of concentration,” where meditation kindled the divine spark of enlightenment for twenty-four Tirthankaras. Notably, it was here, in 772 BCE, that Lord Parshvanatha, the twenty-third Jain Tirthankara, achieved Moksha, etching an indelible mark on this sanctified landscape.

Anchored deep in the roots of Jainism, Sammed Shikharji has beckoned pilgrims since time immemorial. This pilgrimage transcends generations, uniting seekers in an unwavering spiritual odyssey.

Sammed Shikharji’s sacred legacy extends to both the Digambara and Śvētāmbara sects of Jainism. The temple’s grandeur, reconstructed by Jagat Seth in 1768 CE, exudes an aura of devotion and reverence. Among the many significant landmarks, the 57-feet-high statue of Lord Rishabhanatha stands as an artistic marvel offering panoramic vistas of the serene surroundings.

Over time, dedicated Jains and rulers have woven their commitment into this spiritual haven through renovations, preserving the site’s sanctity and architectural elegance. The temple complex, adorned with intricate carvings and tranquil courtyards, embodies their unwavering connection to the faith of Jainism.

Moreover, the Sammed Shikharji Temple is a junction where human and divine unite. This sacred site witnessed the Nirvana of twenty Tirthankaras, their profound meditation leaving an enduring imprint in the mountain breeze. As Lord Parshvanatha’s name graces Parasnath Hill, the echoes of these enlightened preachers guide all who seek spiritual transcendence in the modern world.

Sammed Shikharji’s allure extends beyond the temple itself. The pilgrimage to the summit encompasses a challenging yet spiritual journey involving both road and trekking. At the base, you can find several dharamshalas for budget-friendly stays, hotels for more comfortable accommodations in nearby towns, and even camping options for the adventurous.

Nearby sightseeing places add to the experience, from the Shri Digamber Jain Siddha Kshetra to the enchanting Pandav Caves and the Sun Temple in Deoghar, reflecting both architectural beauty and historical significance.

Sammed Shikharji’s sanctity transcends mere monuments; it encapsulates a spiritual odyssey that spans millennia. The movement to preserve its authenticity underscores its significance, ensuring that its timeless aura continues to beckon those in pursuit of higher truths. Whether scaling its heights or simply basking in its spiritual ambiance, a journey to Sammed Shikharji Temple is an invitation to partake in an ancient pilgrimage that intertwines history, devotion, and unending spiritual quest.

Top 13 Facts About Sammed Shikharji

  1. Spiritual Significance: Sammed Shikharji, also known as Shikharji, is an eminent pilgrimage destination for both the Digambara and Śvētāmbara sects of Jainism. It holds a sacred place in the hearts of millions of devotees.

  2. Highest Peak in Jharkhand: Rising to an elevation of 4,480 feet (1,370 meters), Sammed Shikharji stands as the tallest mountain in the state of Jharkhand, India.

  3. Ancient Roots: The history of Sammed Shikharji dates back thousands of years, with ancient scriptures and historical records attesting to its enduring significance as a spiritual sanctuary.

  4. Moksha Attainment: This holy site is where Lord Parshvanatha, the 23rd Jain Tirthankara, achieved Moksha (spiritual liberation) in 772 BCE, solidifying its status as a place of great enlightenment.

  5. Architectural Splendor: Sammed Shikharji boasts an intricate temple complex that was rebuilt in 1768 CE by Jagat Seth. The temples feature exquisite architecture and are places of deep reverence for pilgrims.

  6. Tonks of Tirthankaras: The base of the hill houses 31 tonks (footprint shrines), each enshrining the footprints of the 24 Jain Tirthankaras. These tonks are revered by both Digambara and Śvētāmbara followers.

  7. Replicas Worldwide: The representation of Sammed Shikharji is a prevalent theme in Jain shrines worldwide. Notable replicas include one in Siddhachalam, New Jersey, and a small-scale replica in Dādābadī, Mehrauli.

  8. Religious Movement: “Save Shikharji” is a significant protest movement by Jain sects against what they perceived as attempts to commercialize the hill by the state government. The movement successfully led to the recognition of Shikharji as a ‘place of worship’ by the Government of Jharkhand.

  9. Ideal Pilgrimage Route: The journey to Sammed Shikharji spans 27 kilometers, including a challenging 9-kilometer uphill trek. Pilgrims often start their ascent in the early morning to avoid the midday heat.

  10. Rich Biodiversity: The Parasnath Wildlife Sanctuary surrounding the hill offers a rich diversity of flora and fauna, making it a destination for nature enthusiasts and trekkers.

  11. Historical Significance: Nearby, the Pandav Caves are associated with the Mahabharata, adding historical depth to the region.

  12. Best Time to Visit: The ideal time to visit Sammed Shikharji is during the winter months, from November to February, when the weather is pleasant and suitable for pilgrimage. Summers can be scorching, and monsoons bring heavy rainfall.

  13. Timings and Rituals: The temple at Sammed Shikharji is open from sunrise to sunset. Daily rituals and pujas are performed, allowing visitors to immerse themselves in the spiritual ambiance of this sacred place.

FAQs About Sammed Shikharji Along With Their Answers:

Sammed Shikharji is a sacred pilgrimage site for Jains, known for its association with the attainment of Moksha (spiritual liberation) by Lord Parshvanatha.

Sammed Shikharji is situated in the state of Jharkhand, India, near the Grand Trunk Road, NH-2.

The hill rises to an elevation of 4,480 feet (1,370 meters), making it the tallest mountain in Jharkhand.

Ancient scriptures and historical documents attest to the enduring importance of Sammed Shikharji as a revered pilgrimage site.

Lord Parshvanatha, the 23rd Jain Tirthankara, attained Moksha here in 772 BCE.

The current temple complex was re-built in 1768 CE by Jagat Seth.

There are 31 tonks, or footprint shrines, each enshrining the footprints of the 24 Jain Tirthankaras. They are revered by both Digambara and Śvētāmbara followers.

Yes, replicas of Sammed Shikharji exist in various Jain shrines globally, including in New Jersey, USA, and Mehrauli, India.

“Save Shikharji” was a protest movement by Jain sects against alleged commercialization attempts by the state government, leading to its recognition as a ‘place of worship.’

The ideal time is during the winter months, from November to February, when the weather is pleasant. Summers can be scorching, and monsoons bring heavy rainfall.

The complete pilgrimage spans 27 kilometers, involving a challenging 9-kilometer uphill trek.

The nearby Pandav Caves are associated with the Mahabharata, adding historical depth to the region.

The temple is open from sunrise to sunset, though it’s advisable to check specific timings in advance.

Daily rituals and pujas are conducted, and visitors can participate to seek blessings. Chanting of Jain mantras creates a spiritual atmosphere.

The Parasnath Wildlife Sanctuary surrounding the hill boasts diverse flora and fauna, appealing to nature enthusiasts and trekkers.

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