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Pharm. D (Doctor Of Pharmacy)

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Pharm D- 13angle.com

What Is Pharm D?

  • A Doctor of Pharmacy is a professional doctorate in pharmacy. Doctor of pharmacy or Pharm D is a six-year course for doctorate-level students- During the course duration candidates have five years of academic study and 1 year of internship. In many countries, they can practice independently and can prescribe drugs directly to patients. PB Pharm D-Post-Bachelorette Pharm D is a 3years course that can be done after B pharm. The Pharm D graduates are called as “Clinical Pharmacists” or “Pharm D Doctors”.

When Did It Start?

  • The Pharm D program was introduced at the University of California at San Francisco in 1955 for the first time in the world and its motto is to practice-oriented aspects of pharmacy with emphasis on modern aspects of the hospital, clinical and community pharmacy.  The PharmD course was introduced by the Government of India the and Pharmacy Council of India in 2008. It is the only pharmacy service which is in direct contact with the patient health care system.  Deccan School of Pharmacy, Hyderabad was the first college to begin Pharm. D course.

What Is The Scope Of Pharm D?

1. In Health Care(Hospitals):

  1. Clinical Pharmacist
  2. Drug Information Pharmacist
  3. Quality Service Officer
  4. Research Associate
  5. Clinical Pharmacy Manager

2. In Pharmaceutical Industry:

  1. New Drug Development
  2. Medical Information
  3. Medical Advisors
  4. Medical writing and publications
  5. Medical Marketing Research
  6. Pharmacovigilance
  7. Clinical Data Manager
  8. Drug Regulatory Officer
  9. Product Management Team
  10. Clinical Operation Department

3. In Clinical Research Organisation:

  1. Clinical Research associate
  2. Clinical Trial Site Manager
  3. Clinical Project Manager
  4. Programming Manager
  5. Clinical Team Leader

4. In Public Health Sector:

  1. Community pharmacist
  2. Project leader at National and International Organisations

5. In Research & Development:

  1. Pharmacokinetics/Pharmacodynamics Analyst
  2. Bioavailability/Bioequivalence Specialist

6. In Insurance Companies:

  1. Medical Advisor

7. In Academics:

  1. Teaching B.Pharm, M.pharm, Pharm D

Why Choose Pharm D?

  • Candidates who are interested in pursuing a career in healthcare.

  • Candidates who are interested in working with various drug regulatory authorities and preventing medical or drug overdose.

  • Candidates who want to pursue a career in pharmaceuticals.

Who Are Eligible?

  • The students who pursued 10+2 in any stream (Bi. P.C or M.P.C) with 50% and above.

  • The student should clear the entrance test.

  • In the case of PB Pharm D, the candidate should complete B Pharm.

Is There Any Entrance Test To Get Into Pharm D?

Yes. there are entrance tests for Pharm D. They may state level and university-level entrance tests.

State-level entrance tests:

Delhi CET

Delhi Common Entrance Test (CET) is a state-level entrance test


Goa Common Entrance Test (Goa CET

Gujarat CET

The Gujarat Common Entrance Test


KCET or the Karnataka Common Entrance Test.


UKSEE or the Uttarakhand State Entrance Exam 


Uttar Pradesh State Entrance Exam


West Bengal Joint Entrance Examination 

RUHS Pharmacy

Rajasthan University of Health Sciences


Kerala Engineering, Agricultural, and Medical Entrance


Chhattisgarh Pre-Pharmacy Test 


Punjab Technical University 


 Odisha Joint Entrance Exam


Andhra Pradesh Engineering, Agricultural, and pharmacy common entrance exam


Andhra Pradesh Engineering, Agricultural, and pharmacy common entrance exam

University-level entrance tests

  1. MET- MAHE Manipal Pharmaceutical Sciences
  2. JSS -JSS College of Pharmacy
  3. CUCET-Chandigarh University
  4. BVPCET- Poona College of Pharmacy
  5. Jamia Hamdard Pharmacy Exam- Jamia Hamdard university

What are the top colleges of Pharm D?

  • Poona College of Pharmacy, Bharati Vidyapeeth University, Pune.
  • JSS College of Pharmacy, Mysore.
  • Government College of Pharmacy, Amravati.
  • JSS College of Pharmacy, Ooty.
  • PSG College of Pharmacy, Coimbatore.
  • Government College of Pharmacy, Aurangabad


  • Manipal College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Manipal.
  • JSS College of Pharmacy, JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research, Mysore.

What is the Course Curriculum in Pharm D?

The exam pattern is semester-wise.

The syllabus includes the following subjects:

PharmD First Year Syllabus:

  • Human Anatomy and Physiology
  • Pharmaceutics
  • Medicinal Biochemistry
  • Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry
  • Pharmaceutical Inorganic Chemistry
  • Remedial Mathematics/Biology

PharmD second-year syllabus

  • Pathophysiology
  • Pharmaceutical Microbiology
  • Pharmacognosy & Phytopharmaceuticals
  • Pharmacology- I
  • Community Pharmacy
  • Pharmacotherapeutics – I

PharmD Third-Year Syllabus

  • Pharmacology – II
  • Pharmaceutical Analysis
  • Pharmacotherapeutics – II
  • Pharmaceutical Jurisprudence
  • Medicinal Chemistry
  • Pharmaceutical Formulations

PharmD Fourth Year Syllabus

  • Pharmacotherapeutics – III
  • Hospital Pharmacy
  • Clinical Pharmacy
  • Biostatistics and Research Methodology
  • Biopharmaceutics and Pharmacokinetics
  • Clinical Toxicology

PharmD Fifth Year Syllabus

  • Clinical Research
  • Pharmacoepidemiology & Pharmacoeconomics
  • Clinical Pharmacokinetics
  • Pharmacotherapeutic Drug Monitoring
  • Clerkship
  • Project Work (Six months)

PharmD Syllabus Sixth Year - Internship




3 Months


1 Month

OB &G 

1 Month


3 Months

Skin and VD 

1 Month


2 Months


12 Months

What After Pharm D?

  • You’ve completed your Doctor of Pharmacy and are wondering what you’ll do next. This is an issue that many recent Pharm D graduates are concerned about.  You can go for Higher studies or you can do a job.

  •  Higher studies after Pharm D include:

  1. Master of public health
  2. Master of sciences
  3. Master of Business Administration (MBA)
  4. Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D)
  5. Pharmacy fellowships
  6. Data sciences in Health Care
  7. SAS Programming
  8. Digital Marketing in Pharmaceutical Industry
  9. MD (pharmacology).
  • You can do jobs in hospitals, clinical research, pharmacovigilance, clinical data management, medical writing, regulatory authorities, and colleges/ institutions as lecturers.

Comparison Of Pharm D With Other Pharmacy Branches

D Pharm B Pharm M Pharm Pharm D
Diploma in Pharmacy Bachelor of Pharmacy Master of Pharmacy Doctor of pharmacy
2 years 4 years 2 years 6years
No internship/training No internship/training No internship/training Internship  
Undergraduate course Undergraduate course Postgraduation course Doctorate course
Qualify class 12th-PCB/PCM Qualify class 12th-PCB/PCM Qualify B pharm Qualify class 12th-PCB/PCM Or Pass B pharm
Should qualify state level or national-level entrance test Should qualify state level or national-level entrance test Should qualify state level or national-level entrance test Should qualify state level or national-level entrance test
The minimum age required is 17years The minimum age required is 17years The minimum age required is 21 years The minimum age required is 17years
Class 12th pass with 55% marks Class 12th pass with 55% marks Qualify GPAT Class 12th pass with 50% marks
License for chemist shop only License for chemist shops, drug manufacturing, and medicine wholesalers. License for chemist shops, drug manufacturing, and medicine wholesalers. Open clinic and can also do all pharmacy jobs

Comparison Of Pharm D With MBBS

Pharm D


Doctor of pharmacy.

Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery.

6 years.

5.5 years.

5 years of academic studies and 1 year of Internship.

4.5 years of academic studies and 1 year of Internship.

This course includes subjects related to medicine.

This course also includes subjects related to medicine.

Subjects include detailed studies of drugs.

Study of medicine but focus more on practical knowledge that what medicine can be given to the disease.

They are complete drug experts.

They are complete health experts.

This course includes the study of various diseases, each detail of drug manufacturing, drug dispensing and drug inspection.

This course includes the study of various diseases, medicines, surgeries, and prescribing patterns in diseases.

This course is governed by the Pharmacy Council of India (PCI) and AICTE.

This course is governed by the Medical Council of India (MCI) and the State-level Medical Council.

Is D Pharma And Pharm D Same?

It’s a Big NO! People often confuse with these two abbreviations and many people think both are same, but it’s not at all same and has a huge difference.  D pharm refers to Diploma in pharmacy which is a 2 years course whereas Pharm D refers to a Doctor of pharmacy which is a 6 years course.

Can You Get Dr Title After Pharm D?

  • Yes, it is requested to use the prefix “Dr.” before the name of the candidate while awarding the degree of Doctor of Pharmacy under regulation 18 of the Pharm. D.

Implementation Of Pharm D Graduates In Other Countries

Pharmacy practice in developing countries varies significantly from one country to another. Some of the major issues identified as barriers to effective pharmacy practice in these countries include an acute shortage of qualified clinical pharmacists and no proper implementation of clinical pharmacists’ jobs. Let’s see some:

1. Clinical Pharmacist in Canada:

  •  In Canada, clinical pharmacists are expanding roles in healthcare sectors and are increasingly being recognized as the medication management experts of the healthcare group. According to the Canadian pharmacists’ association, the scope of the Clinical Pharmacists is listed below:
  1. Prescribe drugs in collaborative practice settings.
  2. Independently initiate therapy for minor ailments/conditions.
  3. smoking/tobacco cessation.
  4. Handle independently in an emergency.
  5. Make appropriate therapeutic substitutions.
  6. Change drug dosage, formulation, a regimen in collaboration with physicians.
  7. Renew or extend the prescription for the continuity of care.
  8. Inject any drug or vaccines.
  9. Order and interpret lab tests.

2. Clinical Pharmacist in the USA:

  • In the United States of America, Clinical pharmacists have licensed professionals with progressive education and training who practice in a wide range of patient care settings.

  • According to the American College of Clinical Pharmacy,

  1. They are the members of the health care team to ensure high-quality, patient-centred care to confirm that the patients receive the best possible results from the prescribed medications.

  2. Clinical pharmacists assess medication-related needs, evaluate the therapy, organise the plans of care, and provide follow-up evaluations.

  3. Medication monitoring in collaboration with the health care team.

  4. Clinical pharmacists understand diagnostic and laboratory tests and recognize the rightest drug and non-drug therapies.

  5. Counsel the patients and caregivers about medications and how to use them.

  6. They also work as healthcare researchers, university and college faculty, drug information specialists, organizational leaders, consultants, and authors of books and articles on pharmacology and medication therapy.

3. Clinical Pharmacists in European Countries:

  1. Clinical pharmacists mainly concentrate on patient-oriented services rather than product-oriented services.

  2. In some European countries, the pharmacy profession has progressed to the point at which patient-focused practice is no longer the choice but the rule for most clinical pharmacists.

  3. Clinical pharmacy is practiced exclusively in in-patient settings and hospitals, where access to patient data, information and the medical team is available.

  4. Medical records of the patients in most of hospitals include sections for medication orders and clinical pharmacy progress notes on pharmacokinetic dosing and other relevant therapeutic comments and recommendations from the clinical pharmacists.

  5. Clinical pharmacist is expected with expert knowledge of therapeutics, a good understanding of diseases and a good hold in pharmaceutical products.

  6. Besides, clinical pharmacy requires strong communication skills with solid knowledge of medical terminology, drug monitoring skills, medicines information, dose adjustment techniques, therapeutic planning skills and the ability to understand and interpret physical and laboratory findings.

  7. Therapeutic drug monitoring is a special skill and service provided by clinical pharmacists.

  8. Clinical pharmacists are often active members of the medical team and complement ward rounds thereby contributing to bedside therapeutic discussions and optimizing therapeutic plans.

  9. The services have been well documented in in-patient settings, and to a lesser extent in ambulatory and community settings.

Current Scenario And Challenges Faced By Pharm D Graduates In India?

  • So far PCI has approved 233 colleges providing a Pharm D program which means approximately more than 9000 pharm D graduates are emerging every year. Only a few private hospitals are recently started offering job posts as clinical pharmacists with a low salary.

  • After the 6years of hard work in completing pharm D and getting a Dr prefix, Pharm D graduates are not recognized fully by the government and public. It’s very bitter to say that pharm D was introduced almost 15 years back as one of the noble professions to produce clinically competent pharmacists to improve patient care, healthcare setting and system, which is more patient care oriented, providing better clinical support to the patients and other members of an inter-professional healthcare team for better community services. But still many people in our society don’t know what is pharm D and some know it is half-half that you are higher to the pharmacist and lower to MBBS doctor but cannot do anything having a Dr prefix and some see it like D pharm and M pharm.

  • It’s very sad that the government is still trying and trying to recognize Pharm D graduates as clinical pharmacists in healthcare for the past 15 years. “Health ministry notifies Pharm D as eligible qualification for recruitment of all pharmacy related posts” such as D pharm, B pharm and M Pharm jobs in July 2019 in India. So, the Pharm D graduates started getting into Clinical Research, Pharmacovigilance, Clinical Data Management, Regulatory authorities, medical writing, Industrial pharmacy side jobs and Drug Inspectors. Some move abroad to continue their career brightly.

  • The Pharmacy Council of India (PCI) with the approval of the Union Health Ministry issued a gazette notification on 5th July 2021 for the creation and establishment of clinical pharmacist posts in all hospitals, and clearly defined the roles and responsibilities of clinical pharmacists in a hospital or a drug store setting. This was many years’ dream for Pharm D graduates and in a hope that they will dedicate their services to India and its public.

  • One year passed and still, there is no sound of implementation of clinical Pharmacists. Only a few private hospitals are recently started offering job posts as clinical pharmacists with a low salary.

Nonexistence of government posts: The absence of clinical pharmacy posts in government hospitals is an insult to the Pharm D course in India. The government has turned its back on the organizations like Doctor of Pharmacy Association (DPA) Underutilization: Though Pharm D graduates are expertise with therapeutic knowledge and capable of preparing a treatment plan, they are not utilised according to their needs. Physicians are backsliding to enquiry about the drug information with clinical pharmacists as they are unaware of the capability of a Pharm D student. Lack of cooperation by the physicians:  Physicians are unaware of Pharm D degree and even though they understand the importance of clinical pharmacists they hide it inside because of the fear that society may share their current value with clinical pharmacists’ lack of recognition from physicians.

What Benefits Does The Public Get If The Pharm D Graduates Are Utilized Properly As Clinical Pharmacists?

  • 27% of Deaths in India are caused by poor access to drugs and knowledge. For India, the extrapolated figures would be 400,000 deaths due to adverse drug reactions and 720,000 adverse events per annum. According to a Harvard study, 5.2 million medical errors occur in India annually and it is the leading cause of death in India.10,000 suicides in India in 2021 linked to abuse of drugs & alcohol.

  • The clinical pharmacist plays the role of drug expert and pharmacotherapy consultant, evaluating medication therapy and making appropriate recommendations to patients or health practitioners. If the clinical pharmacist is implemented in each hospital, they participate in medical rounds and give recommendations regarding medication dosing and adjustment, drug interactions, adverse effects, dilutions, and rate of infusion. They educate patients about their disease and counsel them regarding their medication during hospitalization and before discharge. Through this process, we can minimize the side effect, adverse effects, drug-drug interactions and drug-food interactions and can detect any further complications of their disease.

  • Dosage adjustment in Renal (Kidney) and hepatic (liver) patients, Uremic patients and elderly people is very important but it is not done in every hospital due to the lack of clinical pharmacists due to which many people are dying.

  • Many pharm D graduates are settling in other posts and abroad due to this the count of clinical pharmacists is decreasing. Remember only the pharm D graduates and M pharm in clinical pharmacy graduates can do this responsible post. So, this is not only the right of pharm D graduates to get these posts implemented all over India, its every Indian citizen’s right to get a clinical pharmacist and prevent yourselves and their families and country from killing drug-related issues and to get a healthier and happier live life.

Top 13 Interesting Facts About Pharm. D

  1. Pharm D is one of the longest course-6years.

  2. Pharma. D Can open Clinic.

  3. The health ministry notifies Pharm D as eligible qualification for recruitment of all pharmacy-related posts” such as D pharm, B pharm and M Pharm jobs in July 2019 in India.

  4. The Pharmacy Council of India (PCI) with the approval of the Union Health Ministry issued a gazette notification on 5th July 2021 for the creation and establishment of clinical pharmacist posts in all hospitals, and clearly defined the roles and responsibilities of clinical pharmacists in a hospital or a drug store setting.

  5. Many career options are available after this course, one can choose according to their interest.

  6. PharmD course introduced by the Government of India and Pharmacy Council of India in 2008.

  7. Only 30 Pharm D seats will be there in each college.

  8. Not only Bi. P.C background students, but also P.C background students can get admission into Pharm D.

  9. In India, there are over 166 colleges of pharm D.

  10. Clinical pharmacists assess the status of the patient’s health problems and determine whether the prescribed medications are optimally meeting the patient’s needs and goals of care.

  11. Pharmacotherapeutics is a subject, only Pharm D graduates have in their syllabus.

  12. Pharm D and D pharm are different; where pharm D means Doctor of Pharmacy and D pharm means Diploma in Pharmacy.

  13. 75% of Indians don’t know about Pharm D courses.

Pillarisetty Mohana Lakshmi Sowmya- 13angle writer

Pillarisetty Mohana Lakshmi Sowmya



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