Mahatma Gandhi began protests against the Rowlatt Act on March 30, 1919, because he saw the law as a grave threat to civil liberties and human rights. The Rowlatt Act was a law passed by the British government in India that gave the authorities sweeping powers to suppress any opposition to British rule, without trial or appeal.
Gandhi saw the act as a betrayal of the promise of democratic reform that had been made by the British government during World War I. He believed that the act was unjust and would lead to widespread abuses of power by the British authorities.
Gandhi, along with other Indian leaders, organized protests and strikes against the Rowlatt Act. These protests culminated in the Jallianwala Bagh massacre on April 13, 1919, when British troops opened fire on a crowd of unarmed protesters in Amritsar, killing hundreds of people.
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The protests against the Rowlatt Act and the Jallianwala Bagh massacre galvanized the Indian independence movement and helped to fuel a growing sense of nationalism and resistance to British rule. Gandhi’s leadership during this period was instrumental in shaping the tactics and strategies of the Indian independence movement in the years to come.