- NDRF is a specialized force used during disasters that can be both natural and man-made. NDRF was formed under sections 44-45 of the Disaster Management Act 2005. The Bill was passed in the parliament in the year 2005 and the President of India gave his assent to the bill in 2006. NDRF’s motto is Aapada Seva Sadaiv Sarvatra which means to sustain disaster response service under all circumstances. NDRF headquarters is in Antyodaya Bhawan, New Delhi.
- NDRF foundation started with notable plans such as;
1. Yokohama Strategy Plan (1994):-
In 1994 member states of the United Nations and States met at the world conference for natural disaster reduction in the city of Yokohama, Japan from May 23rd – 27th 1994.
Reasons to trigger to form the plan of action: There was a sudden rise in the natural disaster. It was felt that the damages caused by the natural disaster had global repercussions and these affect the poor and the disadvantaged the most in the world.
2. Hyogo Framework For Action (2005):-
In January 2005, 168 governments adopted a 10-year plan to make the world safer from natural hazards at world conference on disaster reduction held in Hyogo, Japan. India was one of the countries that adopted the plan of action. The top priorities of Hyogo were to make disaster risk reductions priority, secondly to know the risks and take action, to build understanding and awareness among all.
These plans of action were mainly triggered in India because of three natural calamities such as:-
1. Orissa Super Cyclone:-
- On Oct 29,1999 Odisha cyclone also known as the Paradip, cyclone-hit Odisha with a wind speed of up to 250kmph. It is first detected in its low stage over the Gulf of Siam on the morning of October 24.
2. Gujarat Earthquake (2001):-
In 2001 Gujarat Earthquake also known as Bhuj Earthquake occurred on 26th January India on its 52nd Republic Day at 08:46 a.m. The epicenter was about 9km south-southwest of the village of chobari in Bhachau Taluka of Kutch district of Gujarat. The magnitude of the earthquake was 6.9 on the Richter scale.
It also destructed Aina Mahal and Prag Mahal.
3. Indian Ocean Tsunami:-
In the year 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami occurred at 07:58 local time on 26 December, an earthquake that struck off the coast of Sumatra Island, Indonesia known as the Boxing Day Tsunami. Only three weeks after the tsunami 168 nations agreed to the Hyogo Framework for Action and paved the way for global cooperation for disaster risk reduction.
This led to the enactment of the Disaster Management Act on December 26th, 2005. The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) was headed by the Prime Minister of India and it is the apex body for disaster management in India. It envisions preventing, mitigating as well to preparing itself during an earthquake or any other calamity and should respond fast during a calamity. International talks cemented the idea of the need for such a task force. Then laws were formed to organize disaster response at the National, State, and District level. NDRF comes under the Ministry of Home Affairs and is Chaired by the Prime Minister of India.
NDRF was formed for a specialized purpose to give quick response during a natural and man-made disaster. These battalions are trained and equipped for response to chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear emergencies (CBRN).
Composition Of NDRF
- National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) is a force of 16 battalions each consisting of 1149 personnel and consisting of 18 response teams consisting of 45 personnel each including engineers, technicians, electricians, and dog squads each battalion consists of 36 dogs 2 per Response team and medical personnel. NDRF Consists of three Border Security Force, three Central Reserve Police Force, two Central Industrial Security Force, two Indo-Tibetan Border Police, two Sashastra Seema Bal, and one of Assam Rifles.
01 BN NDRF
02 BN NDRF Nadia
03 BN NDRF
04 BN NDRF
05 BN NDRF
06 BN NDRF
07 BN NDRF
08 BN NDRF
09 BN NDRF
10 BN NDRF
11 BN NDRF
12 BN NDRF
13 BN NDRF
Jammu and Kashmir
Main Aims Of NDRF
NDRF’s main aim is to fight against all-natural disasters as well as man-made disasters are driven by the strategy of quick response during the disastrous situation.
Its main aim is to conduct search operations and rescue operations in disastrous situations to reduce and avoid major losses from hazards.
Eligibility Required To Join NDRF
A candidate must have at least a diploma or a bachelor’s degree or master’s degree in any stream from any recognized University to join NDRF. The minimum age to join NDRF is 18 years and the maximum age is 25 years. Only Indian citizens are eligible to apply for any position in NDRF.
A civilian is not eligible to join NDRF. The recruitment in NDRF is majorly for security and Reserve Forces of India such as Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB), Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), Border Security Force (BSF), and Central Industry Security Force (CISF).
Hierarchy And Promotions Of NDRF
Deputy Inspector general
Under Which Ministry NSRF Is Functioning?
- The Disaster Management Division is the nodal division in the Ministry of Home Affairs for disaster management. It is headed by the Prime minister of India and can have up to nine other members, mainly the minister responsible for the workings of NDRF is Amit Shah, and the agency executive IPS Atul Karwal is the current Director-General of NDRF.
List Of Some Director General Of NDRF
- The head of NDRF is designated as DIRECTOR GENERAL. The DG of NDRF is an IPS officer on deputation from Indian Police Organization.
|1.||ATUL KARWAL (IPS)||15-11-2021||Till date|
|2.||S. N PRADHAN (IPS)||22-01-2019||15-11-2021|
|3.||SANJAY KUMAR (IPS)||06-07-2017||31-12-2018|
|4.||R.K PACHNANDA (IPS)||26-09-2016||06-07-2017|
|5.||O.P SINGH (IPS)||01-09-2014||26-09-2016|
|6.||MAHBOOB ALAM (IPS)||28-02-2014||31-08-2014|
|7.||KRISHNA CHAUDHARY (IPS)||10-07-2013||27-02-2014|
Training Given To The NDRF Personnel
NDRF rescuers have been named as angels in disaster by fellow citizens they are given specialized training which is being conducted in Bhaba Atomic Research Centre, INDIAN NAVY, and in Himalayan Mountaineering Institute (HMI) as they are trained to protect every people in every disastrous situation. After personnel and officers are deputed to the NDRF they undergo a first respondent course for five months.
Later on, sections of personnel get advanced specialized training in deep diving, special search and rescue, and psycho-social intervention.
They are also trained to maintain the equipment and troubleshoot. The advanced course is given to face different situations namely CSSR (Collapsed Structure Search And Rescue), and MFR (Medical First Response), and they are trained for biological emergencies, landslides, etc. Some of the personnel further undergo specialized training with National and International institutions including those on chemical and biological warfare emergencies.
They are also trained to create awareness among the community members. The foundation of NDRF was recently laid in Nagpur, Maharashtra by Union Home Minister Amit Shah, based on National Fire Service College.
NDRF center is also located in Assam, West Bengal, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Bihar, Andra Pradesh, and Arunachal Pradesh.
Recent Response Acts By NDRF
- Cyclone Yaas- cyclone Yaas- made its landfall in Odisha on the afternoon of 26th May with heavy rainfall on the coastline of West Bengal and Odisha. A total number of 113 teams of NDRF was the highest ever number of teams carrying out the rescue operation and restoration after the cyclone. NDRF evacuated thousands of people to a safer place. NDRF works successfully with local administration and the state government. They rescued people as there were uprooted poles trees and many other dangers that possibly can harm their fellow citizens. Director Shri Satya Narayan Pradhan urges people to restrict their movements till the situation got better.
1. Mundka Fire:-
- A four-story building near Mundka metro station in New Delhi caught massive fire. 27 people were dead and 12 injured in the fragile incident. NDRF personnel carry out the rescue operation and it took 3-4 hours. Delhi police on Tuesday got one-day custody of three men including Mundka building owner Manish Lakra in connection with the massive fire that broke out inside the commercial building. The fire broke out mainly for the lack of fire fighting equipment and a blocked staircase, extensive use of glass inside the building generated heat which initiates the fire. NDRF helps to provide basic treatment and in the evacuation of people to a safer place.
2. Assam Flood:-
IN MAY 2022, a deadly flood-hit Assam, villages were submerged after three days of heavy rain caused the Brahmaputra River to burst its banks. It affects over 29 districts some of them were Bongaigaon, Baksha, etc. Nagaon was in the worst Situation Out of all.
NDRF rescued villagers and maintained proper social distancing due to the COVID-19 emergency. A total number of 11 searches and rescue teams of NDRF distributed rice, dal, and oils. They were also provided proper shelter, as everything was damaged like the educational institutions, embankments, bridges, and roads. Massive erosion spread out all over the affected area.
3. NDRF In Jammu And Kashmir:-
In September 2014, due to heavy rain, there was massive destruction so NDRF members circulated its helpline number and more than 4000 request was received. 2 search and rescue teams and the 7th Bn NDRF mobilized by roads to help the citizens. NDRF provided medical help, food packets, water as well as milk to the people.
NDRF during Amarnath Yatra: NDRF received special training to join the mountain rescue team with the start of the Amarnath pilgrimage to ensure the safety and convenience of devotees. They provided help for high altitude risk and areas which were prone to disaster. NDRF officials were provided with international gadgets and the main responsibility was given to Nazir Ahmad and Family Singh to select the team.
The team was provided by Carabineers, jumars, rappels, avalanche rods, helmets, first aid, and oxygen cylinders. They also got training in Basic life support systems and Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation.
NDRF also responds to road and train accidents.
In Kumbh Mela due to the communication gap between the police control room and the team of NDRF first aid reached very late and people suffered due to heavy rain and late response as stated NDRF was not fully prepared for the situation because of the location problem.
NDRF 7th battalion in Bhatinda failed to rescue a child in less time, a child named Fatehveer Singh only 2 years old fell into a 125-foot-deep borewell in Sangrur he was saved but it took much more time than usual.
NDRF Helpline Number: +91-9711077372.