March 25, 2023

The District Magistrate or the Collector is the pivot in the district administration. He is the main agent for making the necessary co-ordination of the official agencies functioning within the district. As such the function and responsibilities of the District Magistrate may be broadly classified under three general heads viz., the District Magistrate as the Collector, the District Magistrate as the Magistrate of the ruler of the district and the District Magistrate as the highest administrative officer in the district. DM is the head of administration. And his primary responsibility is to coordinate the various district departments so that he can operate his administration efficiently.

The District Collector in Commissionerate System is the highest Officer of revenue administration in the district. In revenue matters, he is responsible to the Government through the Divisional Commissioner and the Financial Commissioner, Revenue. He is responsible for the collection of land revenue, other kinds of Government taxes, fees and all dues recoverable as arrears of land revenue. He is responsible for ensuring the maintenance of accurate and up-to-date records of rights as regards the land.

In district, DM has a power to issue warrants, licenses, also to implement sec. 144, but in Commissionerate system these powers are transferred to (Deputy Commissioner of Police) DCP, and also there are post created of Deputy Commissioner under this system like, as a district collector, as district magistrate. These posts are created according to the requirements. Due to the transfer of powers, I feel that DM is getting abolished where the Commissionerate System in implemented.

Police Commissionerate System In India-

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