BIOGRAPHY of Adolf Hitler- नई उमंग (13angle)

Biography Of Adolf Hitler

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Adolf Hitler- 13angle.com

Real Name

Alois Schicklgruber

Fathers name

Alois Hitler

Mothers name

Klara Hitler

Date of birth

20 April, 1889 in Braunau am Inn, Austria

Date of death

30 April, 1945 in Führerbunker, Berlin, Germany


German politician


Nazi Party


  • Adolf Hitler was born on 20 April 1889 in Braunau am Inn, Austria, and died on 30 April 1945 in Führerbunker, Berlin, Germany. His nationality was German. His height was 1.75 m.

  • His father was Alois Hitler. The real name of Adolf Hitler was Alois Schicklgruber. When he was 40 years old he changed his surname. He adopted this surname from his stepfather, Johann George Heilder. Heilder was spelled as ‘Hitler’ and this became his surname and also written. His mother was Klara Hitler. She was an innocent and dutiful woman. She was the maid in the household but later became the third wife. Alois Hitler married twice before Klara and had six children with Klara Hitler, among whom Adolf was one. Adolf and his sister were the only two among six who reached adulthood.

  • Adolf was not having a good relationship with his father but was very close with his mother. His mother died of Breast cancer.

  • Adolf Hitler was a German politician who became a dictator in Germany from 1933 till his death in 1945. He was the leader of the Nazi Party. He became the chancellor in 1933. He got the title of Führer und Reichskanzler in 1934.

  • Adolf Hitler committed suicide by taking cyanide and shooting himself with a pistol.


  • The biggest achievement he had was uniting the German people behind him. He was more than the National Socialist Party. A huge majority of people believed and trusted him. He was the most respectful dictator of the 19th and 20th centuries. He was really impressive among the educated Germans. He got support for his economic and social skills, from which he got credit and through his early leadership he virtually disappeared the unemployment., the rising prosperity of the masses, and new social institutions. He also increased the prestige of Germany in the 1930s.

  • He achieved an Iron Cross, First Class medal for his service in World War I. He portrayed himself as a hero during the conflict. He got the experience of the war, he had also been injured during the First Battle of the Somme. Some teachers said that the Iron Cross failed to show his bravery, it was given to him for the length of his service and by his general likability with offices.

Family Background

  • Alois Hitler was his father. He was fifty-one when Adolf Hitler was born. He was very short-tempered, brutal, and strict. He frequently hit young Hitler. Alois Hitler had an elder son also from a previous marriage but he ended up in jail for theft. Because his elder son was very strict with Adolf so he will not follow the same road as his elder brother. He wanted Adolf to join the civil service. Alois was also a civil servant.

  • Hitler’s mother was Klara Hitler, who was unlike his father. She was supportive of Adolf from his childhood. She was very caring and loving towards Hitler. She always protected Hitler when he got hit by his father.

  • Hitler was much closer to his mother than his father. He cared for and loved his mother till last. He always carried a photo of his mother wherever he went. He resented the most at her funeral.

  • Hitler created a public image as a continent man without a domestic life, dedicated entirely to his political mission and the nation. In 1929, he met his lover, Eva Braun, and married her on 29 April 1945, one day before they both committed suicide. Hitler’s half-niece, Geli Raubal, took her own life with Hitler’s gun in his Munich apartment in September 1931. It was rumored among fellows that Geli was in a romantic relationship with him, and her death was a source of deep, lasting pain. In June 1960, Paula Hitler, the younger sister of Hitler died in June 1960. She was the last living member of his immediate family.

Adolf Hitler's Education Background

  • He failed his exams when he was fifteen years old and was told to repeat but instead he refused and did not take a formal education also. When his father died in 1903, he moved to Vienna at the age of eighteen to pursue a career in Arts. He used the money inherited from his father’s death. He was the best in Arts in his school so he wanted a career in the arts field.

  • He was not so popular in his school. He made very few friends. He was not even excellent in all the subjects but Hitler once said history was a strong subject for him. It’s not that he cannot perform well but he had never done the hard work that was meant to. And at the age of eleven, he lost his top position in the school. Which was a nightmare for his father.

  • His father died when he was thirteen. After his father, there was no one to support his education career. After failing badly he left his school at fifteen. His mother supported him even though he didn’t get any qualifications.

  • Hitler then followed politics and he didn’t want anyone to know about his school life. After he achieved a position in politics, those who knew him became quiet about him and those who were only allowed to say about him chose to say only the ideal things about him.

  • He always dreamt about being an artist. After leaving school he left for Vienna to fulfill his dream of becoming an artist.

  • When his mother died he was fully shattered and spent hours staring at her dead body and sketching it.

  • When he applied to the Vienna Academy of Art his application got rejected. His paintings that showed his ability was also rejected. In need of money, he painted postcards and cleared the snow. With that little money, he was living his life.

Adolf's View In Educating Youth

  • Adolf Hitler considered education to be the main goal of every youth of Germany. He wanted Germany to be the most educated country. He encouraged youths by motivating them. He has also written books that encouraged the youths of Germany to be independent and dream for the future through education. One of his renowned books was ‘Mein Kampf’. He had written this book while serving out a prison sentence at Lansberg. During his ruling period in Germany, he wanted the whole youth to be educated, which was to be considered the key to the success of Germany. He educated for the sole purpose that children must be loyal to Nazis. He got an intense experience in the field of education which is often shown in Nazi.

  • He had also arranged for intellectuals of his opinion to serve education beyond desks or in lecture halls. In his book, he also wrote about the duties and roles of the state, in which he mentioned the first duty should be to take care of the physical well-being of the young ones. He wanted education to make the young virile and strong. He wanted to enlighten the hearts of the children about the race or competition that will be coming in their life. He also believed that education should be in a way where children will be prepared for war and not fear death. According to Hitler if the young children are going to Nazi then the younger will be in the education systems and will get an education. The first book a child in Nazi came across after kindergarten was ‘Primer’ its front cover of the says that: ‘Trust no fox on the green heath, trust no jew on his oath.”That book was full of joys of camping and soldiering.

  • To push the national pride and race issues within the lessons Hitler needed schools where students were taught regardless of their age. Where history was taught for political purposes, biology was taught to push race ideas and PE was taught for physical development.

Adolf Hitler:Hardship And Misery

  • He was five years in Vienna and he called it “five years of hardship and misery”. He made it clear in his book Mein Kampf that his hardship and misery were all because of Jews. He hated them the most. He wanted to join the army then, but he failed the medical test because he was living in poverty and the food he was eating was not sufficient for his growth.

  • His life changed when he crossed to the German border and there he got selected for the army. In August 1914 World War I was declared. He thanked heaven, he was a fearless and brave soldier. He was doing very hard work as he was in the field of fire and bullets. His work was to carry messages from behind the front line soldiers to the front line soldiers.

  • He was not recognized by the other soldiers but the officials were looking for him. And one day he got the award in Bravery. That day was his biggest day as he mentioned in his book. He won six medals and he was in Full excitement.

  • The war ended subsequently but it was very difficult for him as he got blinded in a gas attack. He was getting treatment in the hospital at that time, and Germany surrendered. He was devastated as he felt nothing in the end except humiliation and anger. He hated Jews so much when he got discharged from the hospital after the restoration of his eyesight, he said Jews were stabbed at the back of Germany and the reason why it surrendered. Adolf Hitler after the end of the war in November 1918 stayed in the army and was employed as a V-man. During the gas attack, his vocal cords were also affected. He was unable to talk like before and very few only heard that voice of his.

Political Background

  • Chancellor Adolf Hitler became a dictator of Germany After the death of German President Paul Von Hindenburg. He became the absolute dictator under the title of Fuhrer which means leader. The Fuhrer assured his people that Third Reich would last for thousands of years, but the Nazis collapsed in just 11 years. In the early 1920s, Hitler’s Bavarian-based Nazi party’s rank swelled with resentful Germans. The Sturmabteilung (SA), a paramilitary organization was formedto support Nazi. It was also made to protect and intimidate political opponents. The party adopted the ancient symbol of the swastika as its emblem.

  • After resuming the payment of war reparations to Britain and France in November 1923, Nazis launched the ‘beer Hall putsch’, it was an attempt to seize the German government by force. But it turned down the government in Berlin. However, the uprisings were suppressed immediately. And Hitler was arrested. He was prisoned for five years for treason. There he had written his autobiography ‘ Mein Kampf which means ‘my struggle’.

  • This book shows the narrative in which he sharpened his Anti-Marxist beliefs and laid out his plans for the Nazi conquest. His works were published in volumes. It also developed his concept of Fuhrer as an absolute dictator who would bring unity to the German people and also lead the Aryan race to world supremacy.

  • Nazi’s political pressure forced the Barbarian government to release Hitler, and he got released after nine months. For several years his party was not getting any support and he was forbidden to deliver speeches.

  • However, the Great depression in 1929 bought a new opportunity for the Nazi party to again establish its powers. They decided to reorganize their power and also won. In the 1930 election, the Nazis won six million votes. It made the party the second largest in Germany.

  • Nazi’s suffered a decrease in votes during the November 1932 election. So Hindenburg agreed to make Hitler Chancellor. And after that Nazis won a majority in the election. After some time Hitler took on dictatorial power through the enabling powers.

Adolf Hitler: Books And Movies

  • Hitler was popular in the whole world. His books were published in large numbers. He encouraged the youths and kept himself at the top. He had written fifteen books in total. Some of them were Mein Kampf, The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich, Hitler’s second book, Hitler’s Table Talk, The Hitler Myth, Hitler: Ascent, 1889-1939, Hitler’s Vienna, and Hitler: A Biography. These books were popular among the people of Germany and also the other parts of the world.

  • Where his actions were captured by his followers and made movies to spread his emotions. Some movies show his brutal characteristics. Movies were made based on his life. His day-to-day activities and actions and his decisions were all portrayed in the movies. Some of his popular movies are Downfall, Valkyrie, Hitler: the rise of evil, Hitler: a film from Germany, Moloch, The devil with Hitler, The man who crossed Hitler, Hitler: dead or alive, Gandhi to Hitler, etc.


  • Few names are there in history which inspired such immediate and emphatic revulsion as that Adolf Hitler, a Nazi leader. His hands were stained with the blood of millions killed in the destruction of the Second World War and the horror of the Holocaust. But Hitler was not born a brutal tyrant, he became one, due to some of the situations. Those situations made him brutal and strict.

  • He had seen many things in life that made him tough. In his book, he mentioned each and every part of his life. About his hardships and powers, his works. Which motivated many youths. He wanted to educate Germans and prepare them for war. When the country is in need they have to be armed.

  • His family background was also very complicated, he was not allowed to dream and was forced to do a thing that his father had planned for him. After his father died he got a chance to do what he wanted, but his luck was not so good for him. His mother supported him till the last but she also died. He then lived in poverty and led a life of poverty. He was living in hell. And that situation made him a true hater of Jews.

  • Somehow he got a hope in Germany, but that also did not last long and caused his death. His life was a pack of misery and hardships.

Top 13 Interesting Facts About Adolf Hitler

  1. Hitler accidentally bombed his nephew’s house in Liverpool. So his nephew moved to the US to fight the allies.

  2. His mustache was in a unique style known as Rotz Bremse, which means ‘snot brake’.

  3. Hitler ordered military governor Dietrich von Choltitzthe before Paris was liberated from the Nazis, to demolish the Eiffel Tower and other major landmarks. But he refused and surrendered to the allies instead of saving the tower.

  4. Hitler’s dream was to become an artist, but he couldn’t accomplish it. He was rejected twice.

  5. During World War I a British private had a chance to kill Hitler but he didn’t shoot because Hitler was unarmed.

  6. He was from Austria and not from Germany.

  7. The name ‘Adolf’ is associated with a negative impression, so this name is not given to any child.

  8. Adolf’s weakness was he thought of himself as a military-strategic genius, but he was not. He was quite excellent in the military but not for a long period. He neglected the signs of his failure which led to his drastic situation.

  9. His biggest achievement was to unite the German people. A huge massif people believed him till the end. This was the true achievement of his life.

  10. The name ‘Adolf’ means Wolf or Noble. It’s a German word given to males. And his nickname was also ‘wolf’.

  11. Adolf Hitler had a pet named Blondi. It was a German Shepherd. It was gifted to him by Martin Bornann. It was gifted when it was a puppy on 16th January 1945. It died because of cyanide poison. Hitler was very fond of him.

  12. Adolf Hitler was once ordered to cut his mustache. And he also cut it as it was difficult to seal the gas mask.

  13. He was in the most powerful movement of anti-smoking. It was during the 1930s and early 1940s.

Aditi Pasayat- 13angle writer

Aditi Pasayat




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